Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure applied with a closed technique. Laparoscopy allows the surgeon to view the abdominal organs through a camera inserted from the belly button. Both diagnosis and treatment can be made during the procedure.
Especially 90 percent of gynecological diseases can be operated with laparoscopic methods. Laparoscopy is performed under general anesthesia. Recovery time is very short since it is performed with a closed technique.
The patient recovers in a few days. Laparoscopic methods enable to complete the entire operation process with 3-5 mm incisions from the belly button and lower abdomen.
When Are Laparoscopic Methods Performed?
Laparoscopy can be performed in approximately 90 percent of diseases seen in women. Some examples are:
- Ovarian cysts,
- Ectopic pregnancy,
- Infertility treatment,
- Chocolate cyst,
- Removal of the uterus,
- Uterine prolapse,
- Gynecological cancer types etc.
What are the Advantages of Gynecological Surgeries Performed with Laparoscopy?
The laparoscopic method is much more advantageous than open surgery. Indeed, the technique that best suits the status of the disease is the most advantageous for the patient.
However, if the patient’s current medical condition is suitable for both laparoscopic and open methods, the laparoscopic method should be opted. Some of these advantages are:
- Shorter hospital stay,
- Less postoperative pain,
- Much shorter recovery time since the operation is completed through very small incisions,
- Patients with no history of childbirth exhibit a fewer rate of intra-abdominal adhesions after open surgery and experience health problems associated with these adhesions less frequently.
- Much less aesthetic concerns experienced by patients compared to open surgery.
- Compared to open surgeries, laparoscopy has a much lower risk of complications associated with large incisions.
Who Are Suitable For Laparoscopic Gynecological Surgeries?
Laparoscopic gynecological surgery is suitable for many patients. However, some patients’ health conditions may be more suitable for open surgery. The physician decides whether the patient is suitable for the operation based on his/her medical condition within the scope of laparoscopic surgery. Patient groups suitable for laparoscopy:
- Patients diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease,
- Patients with excessive pain or bleeding during the menstrual period,
- Patients with endometriosis,
- Patients with suspected ovarian cysts,
- Patients required to receive ectopic pregnancy treatment,
- Patients with an abdominal cyst or tumor,
- Patients requiring the removal of the gallbladder,
- Patients requiring the removal of the uterus,
- Patients requiring the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries due to various reasons,
- Patients requiring the removal of the organs affected by various cancers.
What Are The Types Of Laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is performed for two purposes. These include diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy. Diagnostic laparoscopy is applied to diagnose diseases with an unknown cause. Laparoscopic surgery is also performed for therapeutic purposes.
Treatment is possible during the procedure. It is frequently applied for diagnosis and treatment in problems with the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterine. It is also performed for abdominal and pelvic conditions, the causes of which cannot be determined.