What is Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is one of the most valuable diagnostic tools for gynecological diseases. Hysteroscopy refers to monitoring the uterus with a lighted tube. General anesthesia is not required in diagnostic hysteroscopy.
However, general anesthesia must be administered when hysteroscopy is applied for therapeutic purposes. Hysteroscopy is applied after the menstrual period. Hysteroscopy can be useful for the following conditions:
- Diagnosis and treatment of septum,
- Uterine adhesions.
How Is Hysteroscopy Performed?
Hysteroscopy can be applied for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. When applied for therapeutic purposes, it is sufficient to administer a mild dose of general anesthetics. Hysteroscopy is generally a painless procedure.
A tubular hysteroscopic device is inserted into the uterus. The optical and camera system in the device enables to observe the inside of the uterus in detail. The fluid is introduced into the uterus so that the uterus is widened and can be monitored in more detail. Then, the necessary procedures are done.
What Are the Risks of Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that bears acceptable risks. All medical treatments and procedures bear some risk. The experience and expertise of the physician is highly important in hysteroscopy.
Otherwise, the risks may increase. The side effects that can be seen in hysteroscopy are:
- Puncture in the uterus,
- Injury to the cervix,
- Excessive bleeding,
- Uterine infection.
When Is Hysteroscopy Performed?
Hysteroscopy must be applied after the menstrual period. However, the physician should decide on the day of operation.
Hysteroscopy is done on an outpatient basis. Hospitalization is not required. The patient is discharged after the procedure.
What is Diagnostic Hysteroscopy?
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to diagnose possible problems of the uterus. During the process, the cervix is first expanded until the hysteroscope can pass through. Then, the hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina through the cervical canal.
Carbon dioxide or special fluids are injected into the uterus during this process. By doing so, the walls of the uterus are separated from each other. Diagnostic hysteroscopy can reveal submucous myomas, uterine injuries and adhesions.
Additionally, diagnostic hysteroscopy can be useful to detect infertility and recurrent miscarriages.
What is Operative Hysteroscopy?
Operative hysteroscopy is performed for therapeutic purposes when necessary. Operative hysteroscopy enables the treatment of uterine adhesions, myomas and abnormal structures.
Therapeutic hysteroscopy can also be applied during diagnostic hysteroscopy. Myomas and polyps can be removed during this procedure. This process enables the completion of corrective procedures in the uterine cavity in a healthy and comfortable way.
What are the Advantages of Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a very important diagnostic tool for unexplained infertility problems. It enables to detect and treat gynecological problems that women frequently experience.
After the procedure, it is enough for the patient to rest for a few hours. Possible problems in the uterine cavity can be directly observed by hysteroscopy. In this way, a higher chance of success is achieved for the treatment of any health problems that may prevent pregnancy.