Gynecological cancers are among the most common health problems worldwide. The most common cancer among women is breast cancer, followed by gynecological cancers. Gynecological cancers include:
- Uterine cancer (uterus)
- Cervical cancer (cervix)
- Ovarian cancer
- Tubal cancer (tuba uterina)
- Vulvar cancer
- Vaginal cancer
Cancer is a health problem the risk of which increases with poor living conditions such as smoking, air pollution, stress, and nutrition with ready meals. Many exposed chemical products cause cancer and tumor formation in the human organism.
What is Vulvar Cancer?
Vulvar cancer is a type of obstetric cancer that occurs after age 65. Genital itching, swelling or mass are commonly seen in patients.
Swelling, wound-like formations, warts may occur in the genital area of patients. A specimen must be obtained for diagnosis. Early diagnosis highly contributes to the chance of successful treatment.
What is Vaginal Cancer?
Vaginal cancers are cancers of the birth canal. They occur quite rarely. They are generally seen in the postmenopausal period. Painless bleeding and discharge of unknown cause are the most common symptoms.
What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among gynecological cancers. The chance of treatment is quite high since it can be detected during routine examinations. The diagnosis can be easily made within the scope of smear scans, vaccination or routine exams. It may occur in women of all ages.
What Is Uterine Cancer?
Uterine cancer is endometrial cancer. It is the most common type of gynecological cancer. It occurs frequently in the post-menopausal period. Absence of childbirth, obesity and late menopause are among the risk factors.
Diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and polycystic ovary syndrome also increase the risk factors for uterine cancer. What should be known about uterine cancer:
- It bears high risk since there is no screening method for cervical cancer.
- Approximately 90 percent of patients experience abnormal vaginal bleeding in the post-menopausal period.
- A biopsy is necessary to determine the presence of cervical cancer.
What Are Ovarian Tumors?
Ovarian cysts are quite risky among the types of vaginal cancer. They are divided into two as benign and malignant. Simple cysts are common in the ovaries. Ovarian tumors are generally seen at childbearing ages.
85 percent of these tumors are benign. However, 30 percent of ovarian cysts seen in the post-menopausal period are malignant.
How Are Gynecological Cancers Treated?
It is important to make correct diagnosis for the treatment of gynecological cancers. Early diagnosis of cancer is the most important factor that increases the chances of successful treatment. Therefore, women of all ages should have a routine gynecology examination every six months.
Medical, surgical, chemotherapy or radiotherapy techniques can be used to treat gynecological cancers. Correct techniques should be applied for the treatment of the disease.